Population Modeling with M and M's

By Brian Winkel


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Several activities in which population dynamics can be modeled by tossing M&M’s® candy are presented. Physical activities involving MandM’s can be modeled by difference equations and several population phenomena, including death and immigration, are studied.



Brian Winkel is Emeritus Professor of Mathematical Sciences at the United States Military Academy at West Point and Director of SIMIODE

Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Winkel, B. J. 2009. Population modeling with MandM's,International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology. 40(4): 554 — 558.
  • Brian Winkel (2015), "Population Modeling with M and M's," https://simiode.org/resources/182.

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